Montgomery County

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History of Montgomery CountyMontgomery County

Named after General Richard Montgomery, Montgomery County is located adjacent to the nation’s capital, Washington, D.C.. Richard Montgomery was born December 2, 1738 in Raphoe, Ireland. Though, Montgomery never set foot in the Maryland county that bears his name.

More than 300 years ago when the first European settlers arrived in what is now Montgomery County. The area was beautiful and a forested area rich in game, which included buffalo, deer, wild turkey and waters full of fish. In 1608, Captain John Smith, of Virginia, explored the Potomac River and was the first European to map the area. Travelers from England, Ireland, and Wales were the first to colonize the area. Once settled in Montgomery County, the settlers quickly cleared much of the virgin forest to grow tobacco and food, and build homes.

Important Business & Research Center

With a population of over 971, 777 (2010 census), Montgomery County is the most populous county in Maryland, in front of Prince George’s County.

Montgomery County is the epicenter for biotechnology within the Mid-Atlantic region. As third largest biotechnology cluster in the U.S., it holds a large cluster and companies of large corporate size within the state with many large firms based in the county, including  Discovery Communications, Coventry Health Care, Lockheed Martin, among many more.


The county encompasses major roads, such as Interstate 270, a connector linking Interstate 70 with Washington. I-270 divides in North Bethesda with its primary roadway connecting to the eastbound Capital Beltway (Interstate 495), and a spur connecting to southbound I-495 as it approaches Northern Virginia. Another spur highway, Interstate 370, connects Interstate 270 with the Shady Grove Metro station.

Transportation, such as rail, bus and air are readily available to county residents. Montgomery County operates its own public transit system called ‘Ride On,’ contains the national rail system called Amtrak, and the county’s Airpark, Montgomery County Airpark (FAA GAI, ICAO KGAI).

Cities include Gaithersburg, Rockville, and Takoma Park.

Towns include Barnesville, Brookeville, Chevy Chase, Chevy Chase View, Chevy Chase Village, Garrett Park, Germantown, Glen Echo, Kensington, Laytonsville, Poolesville, Somerset and Washington Grove.